Cavell, Edith
(1866-1915)
   The daughter of a Presbyterian minister, Edith Cavell was born in Swardeston, Norfolk, England. Sent to Brussels to perfect her knowledge of French, she was employed as a governess. In 1895, she returned to England to study nursing and, in 1906, she was appointed director of a clinic in Manchester. She left for Brussels in 1907 on the invitation of Doctor Antoine Depage to care for a sick child and stayed to become the director of a nursing institute that he founded. Cavell was nursing director of three hospitals at the outbreak of World War I. Recruited to provide nursing care and shelter for Allied soldiers in transit to the neutral Netherlands, she extended aid at her nursing institute on rue de la Culture (now rue Franz Merjoy) and at other safe houses in Brussels.
   German authorities infiltrated the resistance network operated by the prince and princess de Croy, with whom Cavell worked, and she was arrested with other members of her cell on 5 August 1915. Held at Saint-Gilles prison, she was condemned to death on 8 October and shot by firing squad on the grounds of the national firing range on the morning of 12 October. Her death aroused a wave of indignation around the world. In 1919, Cavell's remains were transferred to Britain and she was honored with a national service in Westminster Abbey. She is interred in Norwich Cathedral. A simple monument to her is found at the Institut Edith Cavell-Marie Depage in Uccle, where a street is named for her.
   See also Baucq, Philippe.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cavell, Edith — См. Edith Cavell. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Cavell, Edith — ▪ English nurse born Dec. 4, 1865, Swardeston, Norfolk, Eng. died Oct. 12, 1915, Brussels, Belg.       English nurse who became a popular heroine of World War I and was executed for assisting Allied soldiers to escape from German occupied Belgium …   Universalium

  • Cavell, Edith (Louisa) — born Dec. 4, 1865, Swardeston, Norfolk, Eng. died Oct. 12, 1915, Brussels, Belg. English nurse and heroine of World War I. She began her nursing career in 1895 and in 1907 became first matron of a hospital in Brussels, where she greatly improved… …   Universalium

  • Cavell, Edith (Louisa) — (4 dic. 1865, Swardeston, Norfolk, Inglaterra–12 oct. 1915, Bruselas, Bélgica). Enfermera inglesa, heroína de la primera guerra mundial. Comenzó su carrera de enfermera en 1895. En 1907 se convirtió en la primera matrona de un hospital en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cavell,Edith Louisa — Cav·ell (kăvʹəl, kə vĕlʹ), Edith Louisa. 1865 1915. British nurse who remained in Brussels after the German occupation (1915) to help smuggle Allied troops to the Dutch border. She was caught by the Germans and executed. * * * …   Universalium

  • Edith Cavell — en 1890 Nom de naissance Edith, Louisa Cavell Naissance 4 décembre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cavell Van — The Cavell Van before restoration In service 1919 91 Manufacturer South Eastern and Chatham Railway Built at Ashford Works Family name PMVY …   Wikipedia

  • Edith Cavell Hospital — Infobox Hospital Name = PAGENAME Org/Group = Peterborough and Stamford Hospitals NHS Trust Caption = Location = Bretton Gate, Region = Peterborough State = Cambs. PE3 9GZ Country = United Kingdom HealthCare = National Health Service Type =… …   Wikipedia

  • Edith Cavell — noun English nurse who remained in Brussels after the German occupation in order to help Allied prisoners escape; was caught and executed by the Germans (1865 1915) • Syn: ↑Cavell, ↑Edith Louisa Cavell • Instance Hypernyms: ↑nurse * * * Edith… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cavell — noun English nurse who remained in Brussels after the German occupation in order to help Allied prisoners escape; was caught and executed by the Germans (1865 1915) • Syn: ↑Edith Cavell, ↑Edith Louisa Cavell • Instance Hypernyms: ↑nurse * * *… …   Useful english dictionary

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