Markets
   Probably the earliest market was that called simply the "lower market" (Nedermerckt) set up in front of the church of Saint-Nicolas, which is cited as early as 1174 (see BEURRE, RUE AU). By the beginning of the 14th century, markets had been established for selling foodstuffs and raw materials both on and in the vicinity of the "great market" (Grootmerckt)—Grand' Place. Goods were bought and sold originally at stalls in the open air, later replaced by covered structures (halles, hallen, and huys). Markets included those for fish, vegetables, bread (Broodhuys), meats, grains (Corenhuys), wool (Wolhuys), and cloth (Lakenhalle, Halle aux Draps).
   Before the end of the 13th century, the ducal authority conceded to individual merchants the concession to operate stalls in payment of an annual rent. City authorities gradually acquired jurisdictional and financial authority over the markets, except for that in grain, which remained under ducal control until the mid-15th century.
   City officials determined the days when and places where exchanges were made. Inspectors oversaw the application of city ordinances and they enforced controls on the quality and quantity of goods, which were strictly regulated. Fines for inexact measurements were stipulated as early as the charter (keure) of 1229.
   In the 19th century, covered markets appeared in Brussels. They included those of Saint-Géry, de la Madeleine, and the Halles Centrales. The latter, a veritable palace of glass and metal, was based on the Parisian model and was designed by architects Léon Suys and E. Le Graive between 1872 and 1874. A wholesale market for fresh produce, it was gradually adapted for use as a skating rink in winter and a music hall in the summer. The building was demolished in the 1950s and a parking garage was built on the site off the boulevard Jules Anspach. A fish market was built in 1883 on the site of interior basins, which were gradually filled in, of the Willebroeck Canal. Communal markets were replaced by those operated by private entrepreneurs, most especially open markets at many sites, including place Sainte-Catherine, place de la Chapelle, and the parvis de Saint-Gilles.
   An antiques and flea market has been held since as early as the 16th century when sources document an "Oude Merckt" in existence. In 1640, a market for old and used wares was open on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Such a market, located at place Anneessens and called Vieux Marché (Den Neuwen â Met), moved officially to the place du Jeu-du-Balle in 1873 and has remained open daily since 1919. The Brussels Flea Market (Marché aux Puces/Vlooienmarkt) continues, reputedly as the world's only antiques and flea market open every day.
   The Palais du Midi (Zuidpaleis) was built at boulevard Maurice Lemmonier 132-172 under commission of the Compagnie Générale des Marchés in order to enhance commercial activity in this section of the city. Built in an eclectic style by architect W. Janssens between 1875 and 1880, the richly decorated large square structure with an open inner space was intended as a covered market and shopping center but failed to secure the hoped-for success. Sections of the building have served a variety of uses, including as exhibition space, administrative offices, and library. Its latest uses have been as a sports complex and for retail outlets.
   Small retail markets and supermarkets now predominate. However, some open-air markets remain, notably at the place Sainte-Catherine and at the Gare du Midi on Sundays. The large market at the latter site began about 1900. Special markets include those for flowers and birds on the Grand' Place, the antiques and flea market on the place du Jeu-de-Balle, and the antiques market on the place du Grand Sablon. Many neighboring communes feature markets on the central squares.
   Shopkeepers, purveyors to restaurants, and others secure produce at the Marché-Bruxelles/Markt Brussel (Mabru) along the quai des Usines at the Port of Brussels. A market for secondhand goods and used cars is held here on Sundays.
   See also Halles Saint-Géry; Marché au Fromage, Rue du; Marché aux Herbes, Rue du; Marché aux Poissons; Marché aux Porcs, Rue du; Marché aux Poulets, Rue du; Pôle Nord-Palais d'Été.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • markets — Most people in Britain and the US now buy their fresh food in supermarkets rather than traditional markets. But markets are still important to the life of many cities and towns and in recent years farmers’ markets, where local farmers and others… …   Universalium

  • markets — mar·ket || mÉ‘rkɪt / mɑːkɪt n. place where people gather to buy and sell; store for the sale of food; bazaar; fair; demand for goods or services (Economics); rate of purchase and sale (Economics) v. sell; buy at a market; sell in a market;… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • markets — plural of market present third singular of market …   Useful english dictionary

  • Markets in Ghana — Markets are very important in the economy of every country. Ghana a West African country with a population of over 23 million[1] like all countries in the world has many markets. Some being major and others being minor. Unlike markets in other… …   Wikipedia

  • Markets Field — is a former greyhound racing stadium in Garryowen in the city of Limerick, Ireland. [1] The site was originally a Gaelic Games ground having been used as a venue for Munster championship games in both hurling and Gaelic football. Most of the All… …   Wikipedia

  • Markets in Financial Instruments Directive — ( MiFID) European Union legislation covering investment intermediaries and financial markets which replaces the previous Investment Services Directive ( ISD). MiFID, part of the EU s Financial Services Action Plan, extends the coverage of the ISD …   Financial and business terms

  • Markets in Financial Instruments Directive — (MiFID) Also known as ISD2. A European Union directive which will revise the Investment Services Directive. It is to be transposed into national law by 31 January 2007 and implemented by 1 November 2007. Related …   Law dictionary

  • Markets in Financial Instruments Directive — European Union directive: Directive 2004/39/EC Directive on markets in financial instruments Made by European Parliament and Council Made under A …   Wikipedia

  • Markets in Bangkok — There are many markets in Bangkok, Thailand. Notable markets include: Chatuchak weekend market (largest market in Thailand) Suan Lum Night Bazaar (trendy lifestyle) (CLOSED) Suan Lum Night Bazaar Ratchadaphisek (new mall and open air market) Siam …   Wikipedia

  • Markets in Financial Instruments Directive - MiFID — A directive that aims to integrate the European Union s financial markets and to increase the amount of cross border investment orders. The MiFID plans to implement new measures, such as pre and post trade transparency requirements and capital… …   Investment dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”