Railways
   Brussels served as the point of arrival of the first railroad on the European continent with completion of a rail link from Mechelen, inaugurated on 5 May 1835. The train proceeded at 20 km per hour (12 mph) and English engineer and locomotive builder George Stephenson (1781-1848) traveled as a guest of honor. Early trains consisted of open carriages and departures were announced by the blowing of a bugle.
   Additional lines followed rapidly and, within 10 years, the city constituted the central axis for lines running north to south from Antwerp to Namur and west to east from Ghent to Liège. The first international connection was completed in 1843 with service to the Rhineland, followed in 1846 with a link to France. Early construction and operation were undertaken by the Belgian government followed by a period from 1844 to 1870 under private ownership. The government again resumed control after 1870. By 1860, railway passengers to Brussels surpassed 1 million.
   The Allée Verte was the first railway station in Brussels. The Gare du Nord and Gare du Midi followed quickly. The Gare du Quartier Leopold, in Ixelles, designed by Gustave Saintenoy, opened in 1855. The Gare Centrale was inaugurated in 1952. The Schuman station, located adjacent to the European Union institutions, provides local, national, and international services.
   Railroads became electrified beginning with the line from Brussels to Charlero n 1949. The rest of the Belgian network followed in the 1950s.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Railways —    Along with steamships, the telegraph, advances in military hardware, and improvements in tropical medicine, railways were critical vehicles for the advancement of European empires, both formal and informal. From their initial development in… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • railways —    The contemporary railway system in Spain comprises, first, the Spanish standard gauge system operated by the Spanish state railway company Renfe; second, the High Speed service operating on European gauge track (see also AVE); third, the… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • Railways —    The Dutch railways system began with the railroad from Amsterdam to Haarlem in 1839. It was extended in the 1840s by a line to Utrecht. In 1860, a state owned company took over the re sponsibility of railway construction from the private… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Railways —    E History of, in Canada, 99; vigorous policy of La Fontaine Baldwin government, 99 101; and Hincks Morin ministry, 114 117. C Cartier favours building of, 45. BL Early charters for, in Canada, 301. B One from Quebec to Windsor and Sarnia… …   The makers of Canada

  • railways — rail·way || reilweɪ n. railroad, train track, path for a train made of parallel metal tracks …   English contemporary dictionary

  • RAILWAYS — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Railways Building — Das Railways Building (links) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Railways of Montenegro — EMU train at the Podgorica Rail Station Operation National railway Жељезница Црне Горе / Željeznica Crne Gore (ŽCG) …   Wikipedia

  • Railways of Liberia — consist of two lines from the port of Monrovia and one line from the port of Buchanan. Accidents * MAKE AWAY ACCIDENT DETAIL 1 February, 2006More detail has emerged on the 13 January accident in Liberia, on the recently revived Bong Mines railway …   Wikipedia

  • Railways Stadium — is a multi use stadium in Kabwe, Zambia. It is currently used mostly for football matches and serves as the home for Kabwe Warriors Football Club. The stadium holds 10,000 people …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”