- Rising of 1421
- The rising of 1421 originated in a conflict between rival groups of lignages that stemmed from dual assassinations (see HEETVELDE). The city was riven by a factional division that pitted partisans of Duke John IV against those of the Estates of Brabant, including craftsmen. The latter rallied around the duke's younger brother Philip of Saint-Pol, whom the Estates recalled from exile in August 1420 and on whom they conferred the title of regent. John left Brussels on 30 September. He returned with an army composed largely of German knights and was granted entry to the city on 21 January 1421. Philip fled. He later returned with an army of his own, which joined with craftsmen, fearful of being massacred by John's supporters, to expel the forces of the duke. On 27 January 1421, craftsmen occupied the Grand' Place and crowds demonstrated before the Coudenberg Palace. On 29 January, the ex-amman Jan Clutinc was decapitated, ducal household members were arrested, and aldermen favorable to John were imprisoned or fled. The statute of 11 February 1421 brought a revolutionary change in city government by introducing democratic rule with reorganization of the crafts into nine political corps, the nations, that would participate in urban governance until the French regime. Philip accepted the statute as did John, who was subsequently reconciled with the Estates. John returned to Brussels on 11 October 1421.
Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Paul F. State.
Look at other dictionaries:
Glyndŵr Rising — The Glyndŵr Rising, Welsh Revolt or Last War of Independence was an uprising of the WelshFact|date=October 2008Who|date=October 2008, led by Owain Glyndŵr, against England.Fact|date=October 2008 It was the last major manifestation of a Welsh… … Wikipedia
Lanark — LANARK, a burgh, market town, and parish, in the Upper ward of the county of Lanark; containing, with the villages of Cartland and New Lanark. 7679 inhabitants, of whom 4831 are within the burgh, 25 miles (S. E.) from Glasgow, and 32 (S. W. by … A Topographical dictionary of Scotland
meritocracy — A social system in which status is achieved through ability and effort (merit), rather than ascribed on the basis of age, class, gender, or other such particularistic or inherited advantages. The term implies that the meritorious deserve any… … Dictionary of sociology
John IV — (1403 1427) John IV acquired the title of duke of Brabant following the death of his father Duke Anthony at the Battle of Agin court (25 October 1415). Dull witted and indolent, he married (1413) his beautiful and brilliant cousin Jacqueline,… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Nations — The nations (nations, naties) comprised the nine political corps created by the statute of 11 February 1421. The nations shared in the government of the city following the rising of 1421 until the end of the ancien régime in the 1790s. Each… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Guildhalls — The guildhalls were built on the Grand Place following construction of the Hôtel de Ville. The imposing town hall on the ancient market square induced merchants and craftsmen, who had acquired a share in city government after the rising of… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Heetvelde — The Heetvelde family was an influential patrician family in Brussels who were members of the Brabant nobility. During the reign of Duchess Joan, Thierry van den Heetvelde, the head of the house, was found murdered and suspicion fell on Nicolas … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Risings of 1303 and 1306 — In 1290, Duke John I forbade artisans from forming associations without prior approval of the aldermen and amman. Efforts by the bourgeoisie to secure admission to the cloth guild broke out into rebellion in 1303. The right was accorded by… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Urban Development — The interdynastic clashes among rulers in medieval western Europe, development of early forms of industrialization in the textile trade, and migration from countryside to town to meet the labor demands of the latter comprise the central… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… … Universalium