Second Town Wall
- The occupation of Brussels by Flemish troops under Louis of Male, count of Flanders, in 1356 served to awaken officials of the city and the duchy of Brabant to the need for a second town wall. Expansion of the town beyond the first town wall afforded advantages in close-in cover given to attacking armies while technological advances in artillery had made the center of Brussels vulnerable to bombardment. Begun in 1357, immediately following the expulsion of the Flemish, the wall of brick and stone was completed in 1379. The configuration following the pentagon-shaped layout is preserved in the inner ring of boulevards. The wall stretched approximately 7 km (4.5 mi.) and featured 72 defensive towers and seven gates.Defensive works were strengthened in the 1570s and again in the 1670s. The ground in front of the walls was cleared of all buildings, bastions were built to cover the approaches to the porte de Hal, a citadel erected on the heights of Saint-Gilles, and trenchworks dug around sections bordering Koekelberg and Anderlecht. By the late 18th century, the walls had fallen into disrepair, and, in 1782, Emperor Joseph II decreed their dismantling. They disappeared gradually with demolition undertaken beginning with a first phase 1782-1785 and continuing during the French and Dutch regimes. A decree to construct boulevards in their place was issued by Napoléon Bonaparte in 1810.
Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Paul F. State.
Look at other dictionaries:
Wall Ball — Wall Ball, also called Ball Wall, Butts Up, Suicide, Patball, Off the Wall, Thumb, Red Butt, Ball to the Wall(Some Difference Edis), One Touch or Wallsies is a type of ball game involving a group which involves the bouncing of a ball against a… … Wikipedia
Second Sino-Japanese War — Part of the Pacific War of World War II (from 1941) … Wikipedia
Second Intifada — Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and Arab–Israeli conflict Clockwise from above: A masked P … Wikipedia
Second Battle of the Odon — Part of Battle for Caen Date 15 July 1944 Location … Wikipedia
Wall, Pennsylvania — Wall is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 727 at the 2000 census.HistoryWall Borough is located at the site of a farm purchased by James Walls in 1829. The property, on the south bank of Turtle Creek,… … Wikipedia
Second Avenue Subway — Planned route of the NYC Subway Second Avenue Line ( T , in teal). Overview Type Rapid transit System … Wikipedia
Second Persian conquest of Egypt — Ochus, besides his 330,000 Asiatics, had now a force of 14,000 Greeks, the mercenaries under Mentor having joined him. Marshalling his army in four divisions, he proceeded to the attack. The first, second, and third divisions contained, each of… … Wikipedia
Second round of voting in the 2008 Zimbabwean presidential election — Infobox Election election name = Zimbabwean presidential election, 2008 country = Zimbabwe type = presidential ongoing = no previous election = Zimbabwean presidential election, 2002 previous year = 2002 next election = next year = election date … Wikipedia
Town — For other uses, see Town (disambiguation). Çeşme, Turkey a coastal Turkish town with houses in regional style and an Ottoman Castle … Wikipedia
Town Hall of Słupsk — The Town Hall in Słupsk is a building in the Polish city of Słupsk. It has been enlisted into the group of monuments protected by law. HistoryThe town hall was built and given to the public in 1901. It is built in a neogothic style and situated… … Wikipedia