- The palace that served as the residence of the rulers of Brabant from the 14th until the 18th centuries, the Coudenberg Palace, also known as the Palace of the Dukes of Brabant, evolved from the castle built on the Coudenberg hill by Count Lambert II of Leuven from 1041 to 1047. The castle served as a backup fortification for the fortress on the Senne River. Duke John I abandoned the swampy environs of the river and moved to the castle overlooking the lower town at the end of the 13th century. After construction of the second town wall (1357-1379), the castle lost its military significance and was transformed into a residential palace. Dukes of Brabant and Burgundy lived here when in Brussels, and, after the city became the official capital of the Netherlands in the 16th century, it became the residence of the duke or governor. As such, it served as the political nerve center of the country. The palace was known as the "inn of the princes" (auberge des princes) in the 17th century because of the number of foreign rulers, ex-rulers, and sovereign expatriates who visited here.The palace was periodically remodeled and embellished, notably under Philip the Good, Charles V, and Archduke Albert and Archduchess Isabella. It was completely destroyed by fire on the night of 3-4 February 1731. The city's water supply was frozen and inhabitants resorted to using beer in a vain attempt to extinguish the flames. Many art objects, archives, and government records were lost. The ruins were subsequently pulled down, the hill was leveled, and redevelopment was undertaken beginning in the mid-1770s. The site is now occupied, in part, by the Palais Royal. Recent excavations have unearthed halls and vaulted chambers (see CATACOMBS). Paintings of the palace are on view at the Musée de la Ville de Bruxelles.
Historical Dictionary of Brussels. Paul F. State.
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Coudenberg/Koudenberg — The low lying hill that overlooks the lower town, the Coudenberg ( cold hill in Dutch), served as the site of the fortress begun by Count Lambert II in the 11th century. The fortress evolved into the Coudenberg Palace, the residence of… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Coudenberg — The Palace of Coudenberg from a 17th century painting … Wikipedia
Royal Palace of Brussels — infobox building building name = Royal Palace of Brussels native building name= Palais Royal de Bruxelles fr icon Koninklijk Paleis van Brussel nl icon caption = Main façade of the Royal Palace of Brussels former names = map type = building type … Wikipedia
Church of Saint Jacques-sur-Coudenberg — The Church of Saint Jacques sur Coudenberg The Church of Saint Jacques sur Coudenberg (French) or Sint Jacob op Koudenberg (Dutch) is a neoclassical church located in the historic square of Place Royale in central Brussels, Belgium. History The… … Wikipedia
Saint-Jacques-sur-Coudenberg/Sint-Jakob-op-de-Koudenberg — (Church) (Place Royale) Saint Jacques sur Coudenberg began as the chapel in service to the sovereigns of Brabant when in residence at the Coudenberg Palace. It dates from between 1047 and 1121. The name derives from its use by pilgrims who… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Urban Development — The interdynastic clashes among rulers in medieval western Europe, development of early forms of industrialization in the textile trade, and migration from countryside to town to meet the labor demands of the latter comprise the central… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Chronology — ca. 2250 1900 bce Neolithic remains found at Schaerbeek, Boitsfort, and Uccle. ca. 1000 800 bce Celtic tribes settle in Belgium. 58 51 bce The Belgae, a Gallic tribe, are defeated by Julius Caesar. ca. ce 175 Roman villa in existence at Laeken.… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Charles V — (1500 1558) Charles V was born in Ghent on 25 February 1500. The eldest son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, and grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragon, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy, he inherited a… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Belle-Vue — (Place des Palais) The Hôtel Belle Vue was constructed in 1776 1777 by Philippe de Proft, a wine merchant, based on plans drafted by Barnabé Guimard (1731 1805), on grounds that were formerly occupied in part by the Coudenberg Palace. It… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels
Palais de Nassau/Nassauerpaleis — The most ornate of the elegant palaces after the Coudenberg Palace that once existed on the Coudenberg hill, the Palais de Nassau, or the Palais d Orange, stood on the site of a pond called Jodenpoel ( pond of the Jews ). It was drained in… … Historical Dictionary of Brussels