Solvay, Ernest

   Born at Rebecq-Rognon on 16 April 1838, Ernest Solvay showed an early interest in scientific subjects, most especially chemistry, physics, and natural history. Prevented by illness from attending university, he took a position in the gas works of his uncle. Together with his brother Alfred, Solvay developed a revolutionary process for industrial fabrication of sodium carbonate. To undertake production, the two founded, on 24 December 1863, the Société Solvay et Cie, which grew to become one of the world's major chemical firms, garnering great wealth for Solvay.
   An active philanthropist, Solvay founded scientific institutes, including those of physiology (1895) and sociology (1901), as well as the Solvay School of Business (1902). He endowed the Bibliothèque Solvay, which housed the Institute of Sociology (See UNIVERSITÉ LIBRE DE BRUXELLES). He also sponsored creation of the Parc Tournay-Solvay in Watermael-Boitsfort. In 1914, Solvay founded the Comité national de Secours et d'Alimentation, which played a central role in supplying provisions to Belgian civilians during World War I.
   In 1911, Solvay organized a meeting in Brussels of the world's leading chemists and physicists, including Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Max Planck, and Ernest Rutherford. The conference gave birth to the Solvay International Physics Council, an assembly that drew many of the world's leading scientists to 20 triennial meetings between 1911 and 1991.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

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  • Solvay, Ernest — SUBJECT AREA: Chemical technology [br] b. 16 April 1838 Rebcq, near Brussels, Belgium d. 26 May 1922 Brussels, Belgium [br] Belgian manufacturer, first successfully to produce soda by the ammonia soda process. [br] From the beginning of the… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Solvay, Ernest — ▪ Belgian chemist born , April 16, 1838, Rebecqu Rognon, near Brussels, Belg. died May 26, 1922, Brussels       Belgian industrial chemist, best known for his development of a commercially viable ammonia soda process for producing soda ash… …   Universalium

  • Solvay , Ernest — (1838–1922) Belgian industrial chemist Solvay was born at Rebecq Rognon in Belgium. As the son of a salt refiner and the nephew of a manager of a gas plant, he was introduced at an early age to the techniques and problems of the chemical industry …   Scientists

  • Solvay, Ernest — ► (1838 1922) Industrial y químico belga. Inventó el método Solvay …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernest Et Alfred Solvay — Ernest Solvay Pour les articles homonymes, voir Solvay. Ernest Solvay vers 1900 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernest Solvay — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ernest Solvay Ernest Solvay (c1900) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Solvay — Solvay, Ernest Solvay, método …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Solvay — (Ernest) (1838 1922) industriel et philanthrope belge. Il inventa la fabrication industrielle du carbonate de sodium, créa une importante société chimique, fonda des établissements d enseignement scientifique et des associations philanthropiques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Solvay-Kongress — Walther Nernst, Initiator der Solvay Konferenz Solvay Konferenzen ist der Name von internationalen Fachkonferenzen auf dem Gebiet der Physik. Die 23. und vorläufig letzte Solvay Konferenz fand vom 1. bis 3. Dezember 2005 in Brüssel mit dem Thema… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernest Solvay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Solvay. Ernest Solvay vers 1900 Ernest Solvay (Rebecq Rognon le 16 avril 1838 …   Wikipédia en Français

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